Tanzania - MEDLIFE
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About tanzania

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Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa and includes the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia. About twice the size of California, this African country is bordered by the Indian Ocean and eight countries: Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique.

Mount Kilimanjaro, once an active volcano, is the highest point in Africa and is bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world’s second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest.

Tanzania at a glance

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About 90 percent of Tanzanians live in rural areas and live off what they can grow on the land. Tanzania’s early people were hunters and gatherers. Traders moved to the country in about A.D. 800. The native people married the newcomers from India, Arabia, and the Shirazis from Persia. Their language, Kiswahili, spread to other East African areas.

There are about 120 African tribal groups in Tanzania. Arranged marriage is still customary for many Tanzanian families and parents start planning for their daughter’s future when she is young.

  • OFFICIAL NAME: United Republic of Tanzania
  • FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Republic
  • CAPTIAL: Dar es Salaam (administrative captial), Dodoma (legislative capital)
  • AREA: 365,755 square miles (947,300 square kilometers)
  • POPULATION: 55,451,343
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Kiswahili, Swahili, or English
  • MONEY: Tanzanian shilling

medlife’s impact in tanzania

where we work in tanzania

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

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